Three or four factors can make the difference between the child who goes to bed willingly and the one who stalls and argues. Keep bedtime agreeable and happy. Create a routine and stick to it every night. After dinner have playtime, then bath time, brush teeth, and then settle down time such as reading a story, etc. Keep this schedule every night and don't deviate from it. Children need routine, they need to know what to expect.
How much sleep do they need?
You can usually trust an infant to take the sleep that they need. The average newborn will sleep 16.5 hours a day in the first month of life. But many parents will insist that their newborn is far from average. Some infants, like some adults, need more sleep than others, some less. So as long as your baby seems healthy in every other way, don't worry about her wakefulness or over sleeping.
Resisting sleep at nightime
By the age of three months, a high percentage of babies have a long period of uninterrupted sleep most nights. By six months, your baby is likely to sleep for most of the night, unless teething, illness or hot weather causes discomfort. At about the age of six months, minor disturbances can set a pattern for sleep problems. If your baby starts to wake in the middle of the night, do not assume that she is hungry and a feeding is necessary. Unless your baby's cries have an urgent note it is best to let your baby rustle around a little bit and most likely she will fall back asleep without any help from you. If this pattern persists, try to discover why, and eliminate the problem.
There are many things that a parent can do to help their little darling get some shut eye. Focus on creating an environment similar to the one that your baby got used to while in mommy's womb.
● Cozy sleeping space
Imagine how large a crib seems to a baby, its vastness can seem overwhelming in the beginning. Try putting a newborn to bed in a cradle or bassinet. This will provide for a snug and cozy fit, similar to that which was experienced in the womb.
A baby can be very easily lulled to sleep with motion. Rocking, swaying and walking will all contribute to contentment-and sleep.
● Soothing Sound
A baby is comforted by the sounds around him. Sleeping can be difficult without some background noise similar to the sounds heard before baby was born. Perhaps the hum of an air conditioner or a fan, or soft music played on a radio or tape player will be all that is needed to help calm your baby.
● Daytime rest
Don't try to solve the nighttime sleeping problem by keeping your baby awake all day. You will only succeed in making baby overtired and irritable. An overtired baby sleeps less restfully than a well-rested one. With some baby's you can shorten their naptime enough to provide some contrast between daytime sleeping and nighttime sleeping.