Which Milk is Appropriate for Bottle Feeding
You may choose cow's, milk buffalo's milk or commercial infant milk preparations, as convenient, taking into account the cost and availability of reliable, good quality milk. When cow's or buffalo's milk is used, it should be given to the baby undiluted, after boiling. The buffalo's milk should however be boiled and cooled down and its cream taken off before giving it to the baby. Do not use soya milk for routine feeding of your baby. If the doctor recommends soya milk under certain special circumstances, you should check with him as to when your baby can go back to cow's milk.
A number of commercial baby milk preparations in powder form are available in the market. Almost all of them are prepared basically from cow's milk, with some modifications to bring them as close between the different commercial infant milk formulas marketed by the manufacturers. However, you might prefer to choose one which, when added to boiled water, dissolves quicker and does not leave many granules. Condensed milk preparations should not be used. These contain too much sugar, are poor in essential proteins and other nutrients and are unsuitable for your baby's needs. Skimmed milk powders are also not recommended for children below the age of five years because of their poor energy content.
How Does One Sterilize Bottles, Teats, Etc?
First wash the bottles, teats and other equipment thoroughly in hot water using washing powder or liquid. Use a bottlebrush to clean the inside of the bottles and a small amount of salt to clean the teats. Rinse them thoroughly. Place the bottles, teats, caps, etc., in a container of water. Cover and boil for at least 20 minutes.
Can One Sterilize with Sterilizing Solution?
Yes. Some sterilizing solutions, mostly consisting of sodium hypochlorite (e.g., Steriliq) are now available in the market. First clean the bottles, etc., with hot water and detergent as explained above. Now prepare the sterilizing solution for actual use in the desired strength as recommended by the manufacturer and pour it into a container of adequate size. Place the bottles in the solution and you may use a plate to make sure that they remain fully immersed in it. Put the teats and caps upside-down, to prevent air getting inside the bottles. The bottles and other equipment should be kept submerged in the solution for the recommended period.